Table Of Contents - Cochrane database of Systematic reviews

Cochrane Reviews and Protocols are published continuously throughout each month. Searching for new and updated reviews will return the previous, and the current months Issue content.



One pill, four questions: what we still need to know about reducing cardiovascular risk with combination therapy

Alun D Hughes

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 April 16;4:ED000079


ISSUE 4 april 2014 (UPDATED DAILY)

New Reviews

Alpha-blockers as medical expulsive therapy for ureteral stones

Bone marrow versus peripheral blood allogeneic haematopoietic stem cell transplantation for haematological malignancies in adults

Cognitive behavioural therapy (brief versus standard duration) for schizophrenia  

Different regimens of intravenous sedatives or hypnotics for electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) in adult patients with depression 

Effectiveness of different treatment modalities for the management of adult-onset granulosa cell tumours of the ovary (primary and recurrent) 

Fixed-dose combination therapy for the prevention of cardiovascular disease 

Indwelling bladder catheterisation as part of intraoperative and postoperative care for caesarean section 

Informant Questionnaire on Cognitive Decline in the Elderly (IQCODE) for the diagnosis of dementia within community dwelling populations

Information provision for people with multiple sclerosis  

Interventions for iatrogenic inferior alveolar and lingual nerve injury 

Laparoscopic surgery for endometriosis 

Methods to decrease blood loss during liver resection: a network meta-analysis

Nitazoxanide for chronic hepatitis C 

Non-invasive brain stimulation techniques for chronic pain 

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents to induce regression and prevent the progression of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia 

Paroxetine versus other anti-depressive agents for depression  

Post-exposure passive immunisation for preventing measles  

Rapid diagnostic tests versus clinical diagnosis for managing people with fever in malaria endemic settings 

Repositioning for pressure ulcer prevention in adults 

Screening for peripheral arterial disease

Tai chi for primary prevention of cardiovascular disease  

The WHO Health Promoting School framework for improving the health and well-being of students and their academic achievement 

Vitamin D and vitamin D analogues for preventing fractures in post-menopausal women and older men 


Updated Reviews

Antibiotic treatment for Stenotrophomonas maltophilia in people with cystic fibrosis

Carbamazepine for chronic neuropathic pain and fibromyalgia in adults 

Exercise for osteoarthritis of the hip 

Formula versus donor breast milk for feeding preterm or low birth weight infants  

Higher versus lower protein intake in formula-fed low birth weight infants 

Kangaroo mother care to reduce morbidity and mortality in low birthweight infants 

Laparoscopic versus open total mesorectal excision for rectal cancer 

Magnesium supplementation in pregnancy 

Neuraminidase inhibitors for preventing and treating influenza in healthy adults and children 

Nitazoxanide for chronic hepatitis C 

Physical activity programs for promoting bone mineralization and growth in preterm infants

Physical rehabilitation approaches for the recovery of function and mobility following stroke 

Planned home versus hospital care for preterm prelabour rupture of the membranes (PPROM) prior to 37 weeks' gestation 

Pneumococcal conjugate vaccines for preventing otitis media 

Probiotics for prevention of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infants 

Shengmai (a traditional Chinese herbal medicine) for heart failure 

Sodium channel blockers for cystic fibrosis 

Sulpiride versus placebo for schizophrenia 

Type of incision for below knee amputation 


Withdrawn Reviews

Case management for persons with substance use disorders 

Non-pharmacological interventions for breathlessness in advanced stages of malignant and non-malignant diseases

Pain management for sickle cell disease in children and adults 

Preventive staff-support interventions for health workers 

Psychosocial treatment for opiate abuse and dependence 

Serotonin receptor antagonists for highly emetogenic chemotherapy in adults 

Treatment for amphetamine dependence and abuse 



Systematic reviews of preclinical animal studies can make significant contributions to health care and more transparent translational medicine

Merel Ritskes-Hoitinga, Marlies Leenaars, Marc Avey, Maroeska Rovers & Rob Scholten

Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2014 March 28;3:ED000078


ISSUE 3 March 2014 (comPlEteD)

New Reviews

Antibiotic prophylaxis for preventing post solid organ transplant tuberculosis

Artesunate plus pyronaridine for treating uncomplicated Plasmodium falciparum malaria 

Atherectomy for peripheral arterial disease 

Auditory-verbal therapy for promoting spoken language development in children with permanent hearing impairments

Behavioral interventions for improving dual-method contraceptive use 

Biocompatible dialysis fluids for peritoneal dialysis 

Biofeedback for treatment of chronic idiopathic constipation in adults 

Bronchial thermoplasty for moderate or severe persistent asthma in adults

Chinese herbal medicines for benign thyroid nodules in adults 

Chinese herbal medicines for treating osteoporosis 

Combined oral contraceptives: venous thrombosis

Computed tomography (CT) angiography for confirmation of the clinical diagnosis of brain death 

Darbepoetin for the anaemia of chronic kidney disease 

Devices for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries caused by needles in healthcare personnel 

Different unfractionated heparin doses for preventing arterial thrombosis in children undergoing cardiac catheterization

Direct composite resin fillings versus amalgam fillings for permanent or adult posterior teeth 

Direct thrombin inhibitors versus vitamin K antagonists for preventing cerebral or systemic embolism in people with non-valvular atrial fibrillation 

Endometriosis: an overview of Cochrane Reviews

Family intervention (brief) for schizophrenia  

Gloves, extra gloves or special types of gloves for preventing percutaneous exposure injuries in healthcare personnel 

High-flow nasal cannula therapy for respiratory support in children 

Inhaled steroids and risk of pneumonia for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease  

Interventions based on the Theory of Mind cognitive model for autism spectrum disorder (ASD) 

Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation 

Intraperitoneal local anaesthetic instillation versus no intraperitoneal local anaesthetic instillation for laparoscopic cholecystectomy 

Laparoscopic surgical box model training for surgical trainees with limited prior laparoscopic experience 

Lifestyle intervention for improving school achievement in overweight or obese children and adolescents

Long-acting inhaled therapy (beta-agonists, anticholinergics and steroids) for COPD: a network meta-analysis

Low molecular weight heparin for prevention of central venous catheterization-related thrombosis in children 

Methods of intraperitoneal local anaesthetic instillation for laparoscopic cholecystectomy

Non-surgical interventions for the management of chronic pelvic pain

Pharmacological interventions for prevention or treatment of postoperative pain in people undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy  

Pharmacotherapies for sleep disturbances in Alzheimer's disease 

Reminder systems for women with previous gestational diabetes mellitus to increase uptake of testing for type 2 diabetes or impaired glucose tolerance 

Sulthiame monotherapy for epilepsy 

Surgery or radiosurgery plus whole brain radiotherapy versus surgery or radiosurgery alone for brain metastases 

Terbutaline pump maintenance therapy after threatened preterm labour for reducing adverse neonatal outcomes 

Therapeutic ultrasound for chronic low-back pain 

Types of intraocular lenses for cataract surgery in eyes with uveitis 

Wound infiltration with locol anaesthetic agents for laparoscopic cholecystectomy


Updated Reviews

Alpha2-adrenergic agonists for the management of opioid withdrawal 

Amnioinfusion for third trimester preterm premature rupture of membranes

Antibiotics for acute bronchitis

Anticoagulation versus placebo for heart failure in sinus rhythm

Bisphosphonates for osteoporosis in people with cystic fibrosis 

Cannabinoids for epilepsy 

Exit interviews to reduce turnover amongst healthcare professionals 

Family and carer smoking control programmes for reducing children's exposure to environmental tobacco smoke

General physical health advice for people with serious mental illness 

Glycoprotein IIb-IIIa inhibitors for acute ischaemic stroke  

Hip protectors for preventing hip fractures in older people 

Interventions for improving patients' trust in doctors and groups of doctors 

Interventions for nausea and vomiting in early pregnancy 

Interventions for preoperative smoking cessation

Interventions for preventing neuropathy caused by cisplatin and related compounds 

Low pressure versus standard pressure pneumoperitoneum in laparoscopic cholecystectomy 

Methods of preventing bacterial sepsis and wound complications after liver transplantation 

Oral antiplatelet therapy for acute ischaemic stroke 

Over-the-counter (OTC) medications to reduce cough as an adjunct to antibiotics for acute pneumonia in children and adults 

Pregabalin add-on for drug-resistant partial epilepsy 

Prophylactic antibiotics to prevent surgical site infection after breast cancer surgery

Psychological therapies for thalassaemia

Pulse oximetry for perioperative monitoring  

Rehabilitation after lumbar disc surgery 

Scalpel versus no-scalpel incision for vasectomy 

Selenium for preventing cancer 

Self management for patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease 

Surgical interventions for high-grade vulval intraepithelial neoplasia

Systemic corticosteroids for acute sinusitis 

Timing and volume of fluid administration for patients with bleeding

Vaccines for preventing influenza in healthy adults  

Vaccines for preventing influenza in people with cystic fibrosis 

Vasectomy occlusion techniques for male sterilization 


Withdrawn Reviews

EMLA and Amethocaine for reduction of children's pain associated with needle insertion 

Music therapy for end-of-life care 

Preconception counselling for women with epilepsy to reduce adverse pregnancy outcome

Single dose dipyrone for acute postoperative pain 

Traditional Chinese medicine for epilepsy



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