The Cochrane Collaboration aspires to prepare and publish high-quality research aimed at informing decision-making globally and to make this available to readers via one-click access. Table 1 outlines the different ways that readers can access The Cochrane Library and particularly full text access to Cochrane Reviews in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews (CDSR).
|Paid||National ‘provision’||Free online access for residents through a national funded licence; see countries with funded provision table below|
|Subscriptions||Institutional or personal click for details|
|Pay per view||USD $35 plus VAT (if applicable) click for details|
|Free||Time-limited country/region access||Via Evidence Aid|
|One-click free access||One-click free access provided by IP recognition (no individual login). Based on publisher’s annual review of eligible countries in Group A and B for the HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme (www.who.int/hinari/eligibility). The countries listed in the table below have access until January 2014.|
|Access to Research through HINARIwww.who.int/hinari/en/)(||Health InterNetwork Access to Research Initiative (HINARI), a partnership led by WHO. Access through a local, not-for-profit institution. Charge may apply dependent on countries' eligibility. Countries classified according to the Band 1 and Band 2 grouping, based on the gross national income per capita from the World Bank's list of low-income countries and other data.|
|Reduced cost||International Network for the INASP/PERii (www.inasp.info)||Availability of Scientific Publications' (INASP) Programme for the Enhancement of Research Information (PERii). Low-cost access provided to named research organizations in selected INASP partner countries|
|Access to Research through HINARIwww.who.int/hinari/en)(||See above|
|Open||‘Gold’ open access||CDSR: see details below|
|‘Green’ open access||CDSR: see details below|
On 1 February 2013, open-access options were introduced for the CDSR. Authors can choose one of two options for publishing their articles:
Via our publisher’s open access service, Online Open, authors and their funders have the option to fund individual articles, or groups of articles, to enable them to be published on an open access basis immediately.
Contact your Managing Editor to discuss open access as early as possible and before the authors sign the licence for publication form.
The APC will depend on the status of the Cochrane Review; see Table 2.
|Cochrane Review status||APC in US dollars|
|Cochrane Review or Update||$5000|
|Cochrane Review if APC paid for Protocol||$2500|
|Cochrane Review Update if APC paid for Cochrane Review||$2500|
The version of the article that will be open access immediately is the new citation version, as identified by the unique digital object identifier (DOI). If gold open access is purchased for an update, the previous versions of the review (as shaown in the "Other versions" tab) will be made free to view as per green open access. Only the gold open access version will receive the benefits of gold open access.
Authors paying an APC for gold open access will sign a licence for publication form that reflects the open access nature of the article. Authors retain copyright and then (1) grant The Cochrane Collaboration exclusive rights of copyright in and to the article; and (2) choose between selecting a CC-BY-NC or CC-BY-NC-ND licence (see Table 3). If authors are funded by RCUK or Wellcome Trust a CC-BY licence is available on request.
|Type of licence||Description|
|“This license lets others remix, tweak, and build upon your work non-commercially, and although their new works must also acknowledge you and be non-commercial, they don’t have to license their derivative works on the same terms.”|
no derivatives )
|“This license is the most restrictive of our six main licenses, only allowing others to download your works and share them with others as long as they credit you, but they can’t change them in any way or use them commercially.”|
Source: creativecommons.org/licenses/ (accessed 12 March 2012).
Gold open access articles will normally be deposited automatically in PubMedCentral, and other repositories as determined by funder mandates, on behalf of the authors. Authors retain the right to deposit the article in other repositories of their choice or as required by their funder. A standard PDF of the final version, will be deposited.
Authors from HINARI A and B countries (www.who.int/hinari/eligibility/en/) who are the first author of the Cochrane Review, Protocol, or Update are eligible for a waiver for the APC, provided funding for the Cochrane Review does not include funds for the APC. Qualifying authors should contact their Managing Editor before signing the licence for publication form.
Funders should contact Deborah Pentesco-Gilbert (firstname.lastname@example.org) to discuss discounts, such as the block purchase of APCs.
Cochrane Protocols and Reviews (including updates) published in the CDSR, with the exception of gold open access articles (see above), will be made freely available in the CDSR 12 months after publication. This will happen automatically and there is no charge for this.
This applies only to those versions published with a new citation on or after 1 February 2013. If, for example, a Cochrane Review update is published on 1 February 2013, on 1 February 2014 the Cochrane Review will be free to view. However, earlier versions, including the Protocol and first version of the Cochrane Review will not be free to view.
Authors continue to retain copyright and, as stated in the licence for publication form, retain the rights, shown in Table 4 and updated to incorporate the right in relation to repositories, in return for granting The Cochrane Collaboration an exclusive licence for publication.
Articles with gold open access will be identified in the CDSR with a logo () and through text describing the selected copyright licence.
Articles with green open access will be free to access in the CDSR after 12 months and will be identified by a logo ().
Wiley will respect funder mandates and implement the requirements. Contact Deborah Pentesco-Gilbert (email@example.com) for queries.
Authors funded by Research Councils UK (RCUK) and the Wellcome Trust should note that both funders have new open access policies effective from 1 April 2013. These policies state that to be compliant, journals must offer a "pay to publish" (gold OA) option. When an article publication charge is paid the policies also mandate the use of the CC-BY licence. The CC-BY licence allows others to modify, build upon and/ or distribute work (including for commercial purposes) as long as the original author is credited.
We have created a promotional video for authors to understand the new UK funder mandates and Wiley's compliance:
In 2012, the Public Library of Science (PLOS), The Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC), and the Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA) developed the “How open is it?” guide that shows the spectrum between open access and closed access; see www.plos.org/about/open-access/howopenisit/. Figure 1 shows where the CDSR fits onto this open-access spectrum.
Machine readability is one of the core components included in the guide. Contact Deborah Pentesco-Gilbert (firstname.lastname@example.org) to discuss permission to crawl or access the article full-text, metadata, and citations, and the use of an API for this purpose.
Free online access for residents through a 'provision' or a special scheme. For futher details please click on the country or region listed in the table below:
|Africa||Asia||Europe||North America||Oceania||South America|
The Cochrane Collaboration and John Wiley & Sons, provide one-click free access to The Cochrane Library in over 100 countries. Access is provided by IP recognition removing the requirement for individual login information. All eligible countries in Group A and B for the HINARI Access to Research in Health Programme (www.who.int/hinari/eligibility) are considered annually. The countries listed in the table below have access until January 2015 when this will be re-assessed:
|Africa A-L||Africa M-Z||Asia||Europe||N.America||Oceania||S.America|
Central African Republic
Democratic Republic of the Congo
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank & Gaza Strip
St Kitts and Nevis
St Vincent and the Grenadines
Papua New Guinea
All residents of Egypt can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by the Egypt National Science & Technology Information Network (ENSTINET).
Access to The Cochrane Library is free via the Virtual Health Library BIREME interface (www.virtualhealthlibrary.org) in English, Spanish or Portugese, thanks to funding provided by BIREME, the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) and World Health Organisation (WHO). Access is available in the following countries:
Mozambique, Angola, Cape Verde, São Tomé e Príncipe, Guinea-Bissau
The South African Cochrane Centre (SACC) offers a limited number of free access registrations to The Cochrane Library to African residents. To apply for sponsorship please register.
All residents of India can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to sponsorship provided by the Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR).
All residents of Oman can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by the Oman Medical Specialty Board (OMSB).
All residents of Australia can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by the Australian Government and administered by the National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC).
All residents of New Zealand can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to the District Health Boards and the New Zealand Ministry of Health.
Links: New Zealand Guidelines Group and the New Zealand Branch of the Australasian Cochrane Centre.
All residents of Denmark can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding for a national provision provided by the Ministry of Health.
Access to The Cochrane Library is available in Finland for registered users of Terveysportti-portal provided by Duodecim Medical Publications Ltd.
All residents of the Republic of Ireland can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding for a national provision by The Health Research Board in Dublin. See below for details of funding in Northern Ireland.
All residents of Norway can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding for a national provision from The Norwegian Health Services Research Centre. The Norwegian Branch of the Nordic Cochrane Centre.
All residents of Spain can access the Biblioteca Cochrane Plus for free. La Biblioteca Cochrane Plus includes the Spanish version of all Cochrane reviews, thanks to funding for a national provision by the Spanish Ministry of Health.
All residents of England can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by the National Library for Health via their website www.library.nhs.uk
All residents of Northern Ireland can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding for a national provision by The Research and Development Office in Belfast. See above for details of funding in the Republic of Ireland.
All residents of Scotland can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by NHS Education for Scotland.
All residents of Wales can access The Cochrane Library for free, thanks to funding provided by The Welsh Assembly Government.
Access to The Cochrane Library is available for free, through the electronic resources section of the New Brunswick Public Library Service (NBPLS) website, to all New Brunswickers who have a public library card, thanks to funding provided by the partnership involving the NBPLS, the University of New Brunswick (UNB) Libraries and the Regional Health Authority (RHA) libraries.
All residents of Nova Scotia can access The Cochrane Library through the Public Libraries of Nova Scotia via their database pages. Paid for by the Atlantic Health Knowledge Partnership (AHKP).
All residents of Wyoming can access The Cochrane Library for free at the state's Wyoming Libraries Database which include public, community college and medical libraries thanks to funding provided by Wyoming State Legislature's Joint Labor, Health and Social Services Committee.
Access to The Cochrane Library is free via the Virtual Health Library BIREME interface (cochrane.bvsalud.org) in English, Spanish or Portugese, thanks to funding provided by BIREME, the Pan American Health Organisation (PAHO) and the World Health Organisation (WHO). Access is available in the following countries:
Latin American: Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela
Caribbean: Antigua and Barbuda, Aruba, Bahamas, Barbados, Dominica, Dominican Republic, Grenada, Guadalupe, Haiti, Cayman Island, Turks and Caicos Islands, Virgin Islands, Jamaica, Martinique, Puerto Rico, Saint Barthelemy, Saint Lucia, Saint Kitts and Nevis, Saint Vincent and the Grenadines, Trinidad and Tobago